Back to the ground. Biodegradable and compostable solutions: Rising demand for more environmentally-responsible consumer products drove creativity in biodegradable and compostable packaging solutions. A Polish graduate student created SCOBY, an organic and sustainable material which can be eaten or composted after use. It is made of bacteria and yeast and grown through a fermentation process. At Packaging Innovations in London, Futamura exhibited Europe’s first plastic-free, compostable crisp bag made from the barrier film, Natureflex. This year also saw a rise in biodegradable and compostable plastics; however, the European Parliament recognized in a vote in September that such plastics do not prevent plastic pollution and should not be an excuse to keep consuming single-use plastics.